Glossary of Artificial Grass Terminology

In the last decade artificial turf has become a very popular alternative to natural grass for a broad range of residential and commercial applications. From backyard landscaping to dog runs to putting greens to sports fields, its versatility, aesthetics, durability, and ease of maintenance make it the obvious choice for many homes, businesses, and organizations. If you’re considering artificial grass for your property, you’ll no doubt come across industry-specific jargon. Understanding this terminology will help you make an informed decision and ensure that you choose the best turf product for your needs. Below is a glossary of terms related to artificial grass.



Artificial turf’s adhesive bonds the different parts of the material together. The adhesive is used to attach the seams to the inserts to the base. It’s a water-based material made from urethane and/ or epoxy.

Aggregate Base

The aggregate base on which the synthetic turf is installed provides a structurally sound foundation for field construction and a media for drainage of the field. The base is designed to ensure that once the field is in place, it never moves.


A Geocell drainage grid that creates a 1-inch 92% air void underneath your artificial turf. AirDrain elevates the synthetic turf above the sub-base to allow air to circulate and water to pass through rapidly. It helps keep the surface temperature at lower levels due to its ability to allow continuous movement of air. AirDrain is made from 100% recycled copolymer, making it able to withstand extreme heat and cold and still maintain its performance.


Antimicrobial technology works to destroy or inhibit the growth and reproduction of bacteria and microbes that could cause odors, stains, mold or mildew if left to reproduce.


Resisting the tendency to produce annoying static electric shocks in situations where the friction of the foot tread builds up static in low-humidity conditions.

Artificial Turf

A surface of synthetic fibers designed to look and feel like natural grass. It is comprised of synthetic fibers, dyes, and UV stabilizers.
It is used as an alternative to natural grass on sports fields, residential lawns, and commercial applications. It is durable and easily maintained without mowing, watering, or trimming and doesn’t require the use of fertilizers, pesticides, or other chemicals.

Common Synonyms:

• Artificial Grass
• AstroTurf
• Synthetic Grass
• Synthetic Turf
• Fake Grass
• Faux Grass
• Manufactured Grass
• Sports Turf
• Dog Grass / Pet Turf


The American Society for Testing and Materials. An international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.



Artificial turf’s backing is what the fiber tufts are secured to. Backing is most commonly made from either latex or polyurethane. Stronger materials like polyurethane result in a more durable, long-lasting material.

Back Weight

Back weight refers to the combined weight of the backing and the coating applied to it. This measurement is derived from the combined weight of these items per square yard of turf. This layer holds the artificial turf assembly together. The higher this weight measurement the more durable this layer is. Turf has an average back weight of 25 ounces.

Ball Surface Interaction

Describes the performance characteristics of the field that relate to the ways in which the ball reacts to the surface. It is important that the ball perform as close as possible to the optimal performance characteristics for the sport or sports being played on the field. Therefore, measurements of vertical ball rebound, angled ball rebound, and ball roll, are taken to compare against the published standards of the regulatory organization(s) applicable to each sport.


The final layer (concrete, gravel, or compacted earth) that the artificial turf is installed on. The base or sub-base needs to provide a solid and level foundation for the turf installation. The base is typically constructed using permeable materials that will allow water and/or dog urine to pass through the base and into the soil below.

Bender Board

A plastic edging product for landscaping and concrete forming. Manufactured from 100% recycled plastic, Bender Board will not decompose or rot. It’s used to create a solid edge for the installation of artificial turf.

Brushing (or Grooming)

Periodic brushing or grooming of the synthetic turf surface by a static (non-rotary) double brush is important to redistribute the infill evenly throughout the field, ensure that the exposed part of the fiber is uniform in its direction and is vertical, and helps remove litter, leaves, etc.


Coated Silica Sand

This class of infill consists of coated, high-purity silica sand with either a soft or rigid coating specifically engineered for synthetic turf. These coatings are either elastomeric or acrylic in nature (non-toxic) and form a bond with the sand grain sealing it from bacteria to provide superior performance and durability.

Coated Rubber Infill

Both ambient and cryogenic rubber can be coated with colorants, sealers, or anti-microbial substances if desired. Coated rubber provides additional aesthetic appeal, reduction of dust by products during the manufacturing process and complete encapsulation of the rubber particle.


Artificial turf comes in a wide range of colors, so you can choose one that suits your taste and matches the region you live in.


Refers to an increase in density. The base area underneath your artificial turf installation should be compacted to prevent any significant differential settlement across the area of synthetic turf surfacing. The appropriate moisture content must be maintained in the base materials to allow for optimal levels of compaction. Compaction can also mean an unwanted condition of the infill. De-compacting the infill using special maintenance equipment will improve drainage, g-max, safety, and playability.


A type of polymer material that is specifically designed for use in artificial grass systems. It is used as an infill material or as a component of the backing or base of the turf. Typically made from a combination of different monomers (the basic building blocks of polymers). Composition & formulation can vary depending on the manufacturer & intended application. The most common monomers used in turf copolymers are ethylene and propylene, although other monomers may also be included. The main purpose of using a turf copolymer in synthetic turf is to improve the performance and durability of the turf system.

Crumb Rubber Infill

Crumb Rubber is derived from scrap car and truck tires that are ground up and recycled. Two types of crumb rubber infill exist: Ambient and Cryogenic. Together these make up the most widely used infill in the synthetic sports field and landscape market. Crumb rubber infill is substantially metal-free, and, according to the STC Guidelines for Crumb Rubber Infill, should not contain liberated fiber in an amount that exceeds .01% of the total weight of crumb rubber, or .6 lbs. per ton.



The unit used to describe the mass density of fibers.


Refers to the number of synthetic fibers or blades per unit area in a synthetic turf system. It is a crucial characteristic that affects the appearance, durability, and performance of artificial grass. Turf density is typically measured in terms of tufts or stitches per square foot (or square meter). A higher density indicates a greater number of fibers tightly packed together, while a lower density means fewer fibers spread farther apart.


Drainage is the part of artificial turf’s design that is designed to carry away the water that percolates through the turf. The drainage system chosen will depend on the use of the intended turf application, climate, amount of rainfall, and other factors.


The ability of a material to withstand wear, tear, and external factors over an extended period without significant degradation or loss of performance. It represents the turf’s resistance to damage, fading, and other forms of deterioration, ensuring its longevity and functionality.

Drop Spreader

Like a sand spreader or a seed spreader. It is a wheeled device that is loaded with infill material and then moved across the artificial grass surface to apply the infill, evenly.


Dtex is a unit of measurement that indicates the linear mass of yarn in grams per 10,000 meters. It represents the weight of the yarn used in the artificial grass. Higher Dtex values indicate higher face weight, which means more yarn is used, resulting in better durability and a denser feel. However, it’s important to note that exaggerated Dtex values may sometimes be provided by suppliers, so it’s advisable to verify them with professional equipment.


Edge Anchoring

Edge anchoring is the system that is designed to be installed at the perimeter of the field to attach to the synthetic turf, anchor it, and transition to whatever abuts the field, such as a running track. The anchor may consist of a concrete curb, a treated wood nailer, a composite material or a trench drain. These may vary by design and region, but should always provide a secure anchor.

Elastic Layer Pad (E-Layer)

Poured in-place (in situ) pads that must be installed by specialty contractors. They are completely permeable and are typically comprised of rubber granulate and polyurethane binder. E-layers can vary in thickness (typically 19, 25 or 35mm) and do not have seams typical of other resilient underlayments. These pads are more expensive than rubber, foam or panel shock attenuation systems however, budget allowing, They offer the most consistent surface planarity as well as the most permanent base available for safe g-max levels over the life cycle of multiple surfaces.

Environmental Impact

Environmental impact refers to the effect that human activities have on the natural environment. It encompasses the changes, both positive and negative, that occur as a result of human actions and their consequences for ecosystems, biodiversity, natural resources, and the overall balance of the planet’s systems. Human activities can have a wide range of environmental impacts, and they can occur at various scales, from local to global.


An infill material made from acrylic-coated sand. Envirofill acrylic coating is equipped with antimicrobial technology.


How each individual turf blade is formed. Extrusion is the process of turning liquid plastic into individual solid fibers and can be used to create blades of many different shapes, such as “W” and “U” shaped turf blades.

EPDM Infill

EPDM (Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer) is a polymer elastomer with high resistance to abrasion and wear and will not change its solid form under high temperatures. Manufactured from synthetic rubber, it’s generally produced from virgin material. Some EPDMs are produced from recycled material. EPDM has proven its durability as an infill product in all types of climates. Its excellent elasticity properties and resistance to atmospheric and chemical agents provide a stable, high-performance infill product.


Face Weight

The weight of artificial turf minus its backing material. Turf face weight, also known as pile weight or turf weight, refers to the weight of the synthetic turf material per unit area, typically expressed in ounces per square yard (oz/yd²) or grams per square meter (g/m²). It represents the amount of fiber or yarn used in the construction of the artificial grass and provides an indication of the density and thickness of the turf surface. The face weight of synthetic turf is an important factor in determining its overall quality, appearance, and durability.

Fall Zone Safety Rating

Refers to a material that meets the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Guidelines for fall safety; used in reference to playground systems.


An individual blade of artificial grass. Typically, the fiber used in synthetic turf is textured and/or non-textured polypropylene, polyethylene, nylon, or other suitable performing hybrid or copolymer in tape form or mono-filament. Fibers should be compliant with ASTM guidelines for total lead content.

Fiber Size

Refers to the denier per filament (dpf) or thickness of a filament. Turf fiber size refers to the dimensions and characteristics of the individual fibers that make up the synthetic turf or artificial grass. It includes measurements such as length, width, and thickness of the fibers, as well as other aspects related to their structure and appearance. The fiber size of synthetic turf can vary significantly depending on the specific product, manufacturer, and intended use.


The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (International Federation of Association Football) is the international governing body of association football (soccer). FIFA dictates the design and performance characteristics required for FIFA-approved soccer fields.


The International Hockey Foundation is the governing body of field hockey and indoor field hockey. FIH dictates design and performance characteristics for FIH-approved hockey fields.


A non-perforated or fully permeable backing. Synthetic turf products with flow-through backings have 100% permeability, allowing liquids to drain uniformly throughout the turf instead of through regularly spaced holes. This makes it the most efficient type of turf drainage system resulting in an unprecedented drainage rate of hundreds of inches per hour.



Unit of measurement used in testing a field’s level of shock absorbency. One “G” = a single unit of gravity. The peak acceleration reached upon impact of two objects, such a football player and the synthetic turf surface, is the maximum number of g’s a field is able to absorb. A higher g-max level loses its ability to absorb the force, placing more impact on athletes. Lower g-max absorbs more force, lessening the impact to the athlete.

Galvanized Nail

A nail coated with zinc to prevent oxidation or rusting. Galvanized nails are used for construction & during the turf installation process.


Refers to the distance between stitch rows. It is typically measured in inches. Common gauge options include 3/8 inch, 3/4 inch, 5/8 inch, 3/16 inch, and 5/32 inch. The gauge determines the density of grass in the width direction.


Refers to the directional lay of the artificial turf blades.


Industrial Rework

Rework generated by a different company or manufacturing plant from the company or manufacturing plant producing the products to this specification and the composition is known by the industrial source of material. (Also referred to as “Post-Industrial Material”)


The material between turf fibers. Infill is usually made from sand. It acts as ballast, keeping turf in place, facilitating proper drainage, and preventing matting.


Sprinklers and irrigation systems are used for cooling and control of static electricity and dust in synthetic turf systems.



A landfill is a designated area or site where waste materials are disposed of and managed. It is a common method of solid waste management that involves the controlled burial and containment of waste in the ground. Landfills are designed for the disposal of various types of solid waste, including household waste, construction debris, industrial waste, and other non-hazardous materials. Hazardous and toxic waste typically require specialized treatment and disposal methods outside of conventional landfills.

Lines & Markings

Lines and markings, such as sport-specific game lines, logos, and numbers, should be applied to the synthetic turf surface in one of three methods: with colored fiber that is either tufted or knitted into the synthetic turf panels during the manufacturing process, installed as inlays, or with temporary or permanent paint that is approved for use on synthetic turf surfaces. Tufted-in or inlaid lines and markings are a permanent part of the surface. Painted lines and markings installed with either permanent or temporary paint require maintenance. Even permanently painted lines require additional paint on a periodic basis.


A shining, light-reflective quality. This is commonly used in reference to turf fibers immediately following installation.



Maintaining a synthetic turf field is essential for optimum appearance, safety, playing performance, and field longevity. A regular schedule of turf maintenance should include surface cleaning, debris removal, grooming, and infill redistribution and de-compaction. The maintenance procedures and equipment, as specified by the synthetic turf systems builder and required for the system, should be evaluated during the selection process so that the appropriate budget resources for manpower and equipment may be allocated.

Maintenance Log

A maintenance log should be kept to record the maintenance performed on the field as recommended by the field builder. A turf maintenance log is a record-keeping document or system used to track and document the maintenance activities performed on a synthetic turf field or natural grass turf area. It serves as a valuable tool for turf managers, groundskeepers, or maintenance personnel to monitor and manage the care and condition of the turf over time.

Material Recovery

Synthetic turf material recovery refers to the process of collecting, separating, and recycling or reusing the components of synthetic turf systems at the end of their lifecycle. It aims to divert synthetic turf materials from landfills and reduce the environmental impact associated with their disposal. Synthetic turf material recovery is key to sustainable solutions.


A material’s tendency to return to its original shape after a constraint has been removed.


A single filament of synthetic fiber that is used to create grass-like blades or filaments in artificial grass systems. Monofilament fibers are distinct from other types of fibers, such as slit film or fibrillated fibers, due to their unique structure and characteristics.


Non-Galvanized Nail

A nail not coated with zinc used to secure artificial turf during installation.


A resilient fiber material used in artificial turf blades. Nylon fibers are known for their exceptional durability and resilience. They have high tensile strength and can withstand heavy foot traffic, intense sports activities, and rough play. Nylon fibers are resistant to abrasion, making them less prone to wear and fraying, and they can maintain their shape and performance over an extended period. Typically used in specialized applications where their specific characteristics and performance benefits are desired. They are often found in high-traffic areas, sports fields, or installations that prioritize durability, playability, and an enhanced natural appearance.


Organic Infill

There are several organic infills available in the North American market, all utilizing different organic components, such as natural cork and/or ground fibers from the outside shell of the coconut. These products can be utilized in professional sports applications as well as for landscaping. At the end of its life cycle it can be recycled directly into the environment.



Holes punched in the backing of artificial turf to allow liquids to pass through the turf into the sub-base below.


A material’s ability to let gas or liquids pass through it. Synthetic turf and the base on which it is installed is usually designed to allow for water to percolate through it so that there is no standing water on the surface. Water permeability rates for both the field’s surfacing and the field base materials should be designed to accommodate the local weather and rainfall patterns. Commonly used in reference to turf products with a backing that is fully permeable, allowing water and dog urine to pass through any point in the turf’s backing.


Refers to the colored particles or dyes used to give synthetic turf fibers their desired hue or shade. Pigments are added to the manufacturing process of synthetic turf to provide a realistic appearance and mimic the color of natural grass. Pigments play a crucial role in achieving a visually appealing and natural-looking synthetic turf system. They allow for customization, durability, and color stability, enhancing the aesthetics and enjoyment of the turf.


In the context of turf, the term “pile” refers to the upright or vertical blades or fibers that make up the surface of synthetic turf. The pile is the visible part of the turf that resembles the grass blades of natural grass. The pile is a critical component of synthetic turf, contributing to its visual appeal, playability, and resemblance to natural grass. The choice of pile height, density, material, and other characteristics is determined by the specific application, intended use, and desired aesthetics of the turf system.

Pile Height

Pile height in turf refers to the length or height of the individual blades or fibers that make up the surface of synthetic turf. It is the measurement from the base of the blade to the tip, indicating how tall the turf fibers stand above the backing material. Choosing the appropriate pile height for a specific turf application requires careful consideration of the intended use, visual preferences, performance requirements, and maintenance capabilities. Manufacturers, turf experts, or industry professionals can provide guidance on selecting the most suitable pile height based on specific needs and project requirements.

Pile Weight

Refers to the weight in ounces of the fibers or blades per unit area of synthetic turf. It is a measure of the density of the fibers and provides an indication of the amount of material used in the construction of the turf. When selecting synthetic turf, it is recommended to consider a combination of factors, including pile weight, pile height, and other characteristics, based on the specific application, desired aesthetics, performance requirements, and maintenance capabilities. Consulting with manufacturers, turf experts, or industry professionals can help ensure the optimal selection of turf with the appropriate pile weight for a given project.

Plastics Recycling

The process by which plastic materials or products that would otherwise become solid waste are collected, processed, and returned to use in plastic products that have fulfilled their intended purpose or can no longer be used.

Player Surface Interaction

Describes the performance characteristics of the field that relate to footing, shock absorbency, surface abrasion, and surface stability, for example. These characteristics are determined through testing for vertical deformation, force reduction, traction, slip resistance, energy restitution, abrasiveness, among others. Proper shoe selection is a critical component to the way a player interacts with the playing surface.

Polyethylene (PE)

A type of plastic polymer that is commonly used in the production of synthetic turf fibers for artificial grass systems. PE is known for its durability, flexibility, and resistance to environmental conditions, making it suitable for various applications, including turf. Polyethylene is used to create the fibers or blades that make up the grass-like surface of synthetic turf. These fibers are designed to closely resemble natural grass blades in terms of appearance, texture, and performance. Polyethylene fibers are highly durable and can withstand the rigors of heavy use, foot traffic, and sports activities. They have excellent tensile strength and resilience, allowing them to maintain their shape and performance over time without significant wear or flattening.


Large chemical molecules from which synthetic fibers, synthetic infill and backing systems are made. Polymers are complex, chain-like macromolecules which are made by uniting simpler molecules called monomers. Synthetic polymers used for synthetic turf fiber include Type 6 nylon (polyamides), polyethylene and polypropylene.

Polypropylene (PP)

A type of thermoplastic polymer that is sometimes used in the production of synthetic turf fibers for artificial grass systems. While polyethylene (PE) is more commonly used, polypropylene has certain characteristics that make it suitable for specific applications in the turf industry. Polyethylene is generally more commonly used in synthetic turf due to its superior durability, softness, and overall performance characteristics. Polypropylene is typically employed in specific applications where cost-effectiveness and lighter weight are priorities.

Polyurethane (PU)

A type of polymer that is used in various applications, including in the construction of synthetic turf systems. In turf, polyurethane is primarily used as a backing material to provide stability, strength, and durability to the turf. Polyurethane is commonly used as the material for the backing layer of synthetic turf. The backing provides structural support and stability to the turf system, helping to hold the turf fibers in place and maintain their upright position.

Post-Consumer Material

Plastics material, generated by the end users of products that has fulfilled its intended purpose or can no longer be used, this includes material returned from within the distribution chain. Post-consumer material is part of the broader category of recovered material.

Post-Industrial Material

Refers to waste or byproducts generated during the manufacturing or production process in industries. These materials are often unused or excess materials that are generated before the final product reaches the consumer. They are typically collected, recycled, and repurposed to reduce waste and minimize the environmental impact of industrial processes.

Post-Installation Testing

After installation, a field should be tested periodically to record its g-max, and other safety and performance values, to determine if and what remedial maintenance is required. A schedule for on-going testing should be included and understood by the parties. Seams and inlays should be regularly inspected and repaired, as needed.


A unique tool used for de-matting artificial turf.

Primary Backing

A woven or non-woven fabric in one or more layers which are utilized in the tufting process, or of high strength polyester multi-filament fiber utilized in the knitting process. This backing material provides the initial dimensional stability for the system.



In the context of turf, recovery refers to the process of rejuvenating or restoring the condition and performance of synthetic turf after it has undergone wear, damage, or degradation. Recovery efforts aim to revitalize the turf’s appearance, functionality, and safety by addressing issues such as compaction, infill displacement, fiber flattening, or general wear and tear.


Recyclate in turf refers to the recycled materials or components used in the manufacturing or production of synthetic turf systems. It involves incorporating recycled materials, such as recycled plastics, into the production process to create new turf products. Recyclate typically consists of post-consumer or post-industrial plastic waste that has undergone recycling processes. These materials can include recycled polyethylene (PE) or other recycled plastics obtained from various sources, such as plastic bottles, containers, packaging, or industrial waste.

Recycled Content

Recycled content in turf refers to the proportion or percentage of materials used in the manufacturing or production of synthetic turf that are derived from recycled sources. It represents the amount of recycled materials incorporated into the turf system, typically including recycled plastics, rubber, or other recyclable components.

Recycled Plastic

Recycled plastic in turf refers to the use of post-consumer or post-industrial plastic waste that has undergone recycling processes in the manufacturing or production of synthetic turf systems. It involves transforming discarded plastic materials into new products, such as synthetic turf fibers, backing materials, or infill components. Different types of plastic can be recycled and incorporated into synthetic turf systems. Common plastics used include polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), and others. These plastics are often recycled into pellets or granules, which are then used as raw materials for the production of turf components.


The process of collecting, sorting, and processing waste materials to convert them into new products or raw materials that can be used to create new goods. It involves the transformation of discarded materials, often referred to as recyclables, into reusable materials through various physical, chemical, or mechanical processes. Recycling plays a crucial role in waste management and resource conservation. It helps reduce the strain on natural resources, mitigates environmental impacts, and supports the transition to a more sustainable and circular economy.


Regrind in turf refers to the process of recycling or reprocessing synthetic turf materials, specifically the infill or backing components, to create new products or reuse the material in turf systems. Regrind involves grinding or shredding the existing turf components to break them down into smaller pieces or granules, which can then be repurposed or incorporated into new turf installations.

Resource Recovery

Resource recovery in turf refers to the process of extracting valuable resources or materials from waste generated in the production, installation, or maintenance of synthetic turf systems. It involves identifying, collecting, and repurposing materials that would otherwise be discarded as waste, thereby minimizing environmental impact and maximizing resource utilization.


Reuse refers to the practice of utilizing an item or material again for its original purpose or for a different purpose without significant modification or processing. It involves extending the lifespan and utility of a product or material by using it multiple times before it becomes waste. Reuse is an important aspect of waste reduction and resource conservation.


A texturized layer of fibers that draw down to encapsulate infill, resulting in minimal rubber splash, better shock absorbency and durability. Patented by AstroTurf, RootZone features a unique fiber blend that ensures exceptional resilience, allowing the turf to withstand heavy usage, intense play, and challenging weather conditions.


Sand (Silica)

A common sand variety consisting of broken-down quartz, minerals or rocks that measure between one-sixteenth and two millimeters in diameter. Pure silica sand is one of the original infilling materials utilized in synthetic turf. This product is a natural infill that is non-toxic, chemically stable, and fracture-resistant. Silica sand infills are typically tan, off-tan, or white in color and – depending upon plant location – may be round or sub-round in particle shape. As a natural product, there is no possibility of heavy metals, and the dust/turbidity rating is less than 100.


Where two panels of synthetic turf are joined together. Synthetic turf materials are manufactured in panels or rolls that are usually 15 feet wide. Each panel or roll should be attached to the next with a seam to form the fabric of the field. Seams should be glued with a supplemental backing material or sewn with high-strength sewing thread. The bonding or fastening of all system material components should provide a permanent, tight, secure, and hazard-free surface.

Seaming Tape

Comprised of a fabric that should be installed below the backing material on both sides of a seam or inlay. The fabric used for seaming tape should provide dimensional strength and enough surface texture to bond well with the adhesive.

Seam Repair

Seams that open or become loose may require some immediate and temporary gluing until they can be inspected and corrected by the turf installer. The gluing should conform to the written maintenance suggested guidelines provided by the synthetic turf manufacturer.

Square Foot

Unit of measurement used in artificial turf installation.

Secondary Backing

Provides an additional level of tuft bind and structural integrity to the synthetic turf. The secondary backing materials are applied through a coating process with a single or multiple applications of one or various materials. A tufted fabric typically receives a suitable coating of polyurethane, latex, hot melt, or other coatings or fabrics in various weight and thickness configurations, depending on individual system design.

Shock Pad

Shock attenuation pads offer an added level of protection and consistent playability to the playing surface and are designed to contribute to a safe g-max level. Roll-out or panel systems are relatively economical and offer ease of installation. Pads can be permeable or impermeable. Some can replace all or portions of the stone base and provide both shock attenuation and drainage, while others are used in combination with a traditional stone and drainage base. Pads can be placed directly over asphalt or cement-stabilized surfaces.


Shredding in turf refers to the process of breaking down or cutting synthetic turf components, such as fibers or infill materials, into smaller pieces or granules. Shredding is typically done using specialized machinery or equipment to achieve the desired size and texture of the shredded material. Shredding is primarily done to modify the size or shape of synthetic turf components.

Square Foot

Unit of measurement used in artificial turf installation.


A loop of yarn that connects one material to another.

Stitch Rate

The number of stitches per row – typically, how many stitches per inch of artificial grass.


Refers to an inorganic, man-made material.

Synthetic Fiber

Refers to the artificial or man-made fibers used to create the grass-like blades or filaments in synthetic turf systems. These fibers are designed to replicate the look, feel, and performance of natural grass, providing a durable and low-maintenance alternative for various applications such as sports fields, residential lawns, or landscaping.



Textured yarn used below the face yarn to enhance the turf’s ability to recover.

Total Weight

The total weight of artificial grass, including the backing material. Turf products generally range from 75-130 total weight in ounces.

TPE Infill

Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) infill is non-toxic, heavy metal free, available in a variety of colors that resist fading, very long-lasting, and 100% recyclable and reusable as infill when the field is replaced. TPE infill, when utilizing virgin-based resins, will offer consistent performance and excellent g-max over a wide temperature range.


Refers to a cluster or bundle of synthetic fibers that are tightly anchored or stitched into the turf backing. These tufts are individual units of grass-like blades that collectively form the surface of the synthetic turf system. The tufts in synthetic turf are created by securing the synthetic fibers to the turf backing through a variety of methods. This attachment can be achieved through tufting, which involves threading the fibers through the backing and securing them with adhesive or stitching.


The process of inserting tufts through the backing material.

Tuft Bind

The force (usually lbs.) needed to remove a tufted blade from its backing.


Ultraviolet Resistance (UV-Resistance)

Ultraviolet resistance is the ability of a material, often a polymer, to withstand the degradation that can be caused by exposure to ultraviolet light. If a polymer has low ultraviolet resistance, it could be subject to premature or unintended failure as a result of deterioration. UV light, or sunlight, will cause non-resistant materials and surfaces to fade or discolor. Ultraviolet resistance can be increased by adding certain elements and chemical compounds when the polymer is being formed. If the ultraviolet resistance of a polymer is low, other means such as a coating or other forms of shielding can be used to preserve the polymer.


Virgin Plastic

Refers to plastic resin or material that has been produced from non-recycled, new or raw materials derived from fossil fuels (such as petroleum or natural gas). This material comes in the form of pellets, granules, powder, floc, or liquid that has not been subjected to use or processing other than that required for its initial manufacture. This means it is the opposite of recycled plastic, in that it has not gone through any previous use or recycling processes.



Warranties for the synthetic turf field systems should be clearly understood and may include: fading, color match, excessive fiber wear, wrinkling & panel movement, shock-absorbency (g-max), seam integrity, drainage, response time for repairs or replacement, etc.


Refers to any material, substance, or product that is discarded, unwanted, or no longer serves a purpose. It encompasses a wide range of materials generated from human activities, including residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors. Waste can be classified into various categories based on its origin, composition, and potential for environmental impact. Common types of waste include municipal solid waste (household waste), industrial waste, hazardous waste, construction and demolition waste, electronic waste (e-waste), agricultural waste, and more.

World Rugby

The governing body for the sport of Rugby Union and Rugby Sevens. World Rugby dictates the design and performance characteristics required for approved rugby fields.



The synthetic fibers that are used to create the grass-like blades or filaments in synthetic turf systems. It is the primary component that gives the turf its visual and functional resemblance to natural grass. Yarn in turf is typically made from synthetic materials, most commonly polyethylene (PE) or polypropylene (PP). These materials are processed and extruded into long strands or filaments, which are then further treated and shaped to resemble natural grass blades.

Yarn Weight

The total weight of the yarn in the turf. Also commonly referred to as face weight and/or pile weight.



One of the rare minerals that possess a natural negative charge. A honeycomb structure and net negative charge allows Zeolite to both absorb liquids and adsorb elements based on the strength of the chemical bond. The magnetic attraction an element has to Zeolite is called the CEC value or ability to ion-exchange while the honeycomb structure utilizes molecular sieve to filter compounds. Generally, natural zeolite consists of an open, three-dimensional cage-like structure with a vast network of open channels. These channels flowing throughout each granule are what make zeolite such a capable absorbent. Once the loosely bound, positively charged atoms (cations) travel through a channel, they become bound to the negatively charged honeycomb structure.

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Cover and Gallery images should be no smaller than 1920 x 1080 px for the best clarity, and the subject matter should be as centered as possible to avoid being cut off at the edges.

Image Size Limits

Images can have a maximum file size of 1 MB. Should you need to compress your images, no problem! Here’s a free tool with super simple instructions.

  1. Open Squoosh.
  2. Upload an image.
  3. Choose WebP from the dropdown.
  4. Download your optimized image.